Subproject B05 — Securitisation and desecuritisation
in international trusteeship administrations
The subjects of the SFB sub-project are the securitisation and desecuritisation discourse and practices of two different historical types of international interim administrations: In relation to the UN Trusteeship System, we investigate the cases of British and French mandated territories in Cameroon and the Australian administration of Papua New Guinea. While these administrations primarily had a political objective of decolonialisation, the external administrations of East Timor and Kosovo are part of international discourse on the importance of functioning statehood for peace and security.
The cases are compared within the research project. The issue of similarities and differences between the different discourse and practices of external interim administrations is central, particularly with regard to the progression and use of violence in the respective political transition processes. Two central aspects for the SFB are taken into special consideration in the project - the territorial dimension of securitisation processes and the dynamics of securitisation and desecuritisation: Firstly, creating territorial areas administratively and protecting them against perceived threats are some of the key duties of interim administrations. Secondly, the dynamics of security do not just arise from the tense position of securitisation and desecuritisation typical of external state formation but also from the fact that local actors may consider an interim administration to be a threat to their own identity in the course of the formation of a “political agency” and dispute its claim to power.